Only 5 per cent of fire and construction professionals agree that Approved Document Part B, which provides guidance to meeting the fire safety requirements of the Building Regulations, is fully fit for purpose. According to the findings of an online survey conducted by the Fire Sector Federation (FSF) and independent research body NBS, some 96 per cent of those surveyed think that the document should be reviewed and 96 per cent want it to change.
Some 93 per cent thought that Approved Document B (ADB) should be reviewed at least every five years. As well as wanting a review of ADB, almost two-thirds think DCLG should review Part B of Schedule 1 to the Building Regulations.
The final report from the survey also highlights a need for improvements to clarity and technical understanding, with 87 per cent saying there should be more explanations of how and why something complies with the fire safety requirements of the Building Regulations. Some 84 per cent agree that there is technical content in ADB that should be amended; and 83 per cent agree that there are gaps in the technical content that need to be filled. Many (75 per cent) also agree that the guidance should be more definitive.
There was also strong support for ADB to include guidance relating to firefighter safety and property protection. 89 per cent agreed that they would like to see guidance for firefighter safety, while almost two-thirds (66 per cent) of respondents agreed that they would like direction relating to property protection included.
The survey findings also highlight that understanding of the responsibility in design and at completion of a project is unclear and that there is no definitive process owner for fire safety, with many different roles seen to have responsibility at different stages in the build process. Survey respondents tended to say that more than one person is primarily responsible for compliance at the design and construction stages.
Responses suggested that the document is aimed at professionals, rather than building users/occupiers. Some 92 per cent believed the document was aimed at Local Authority Building Control and Approved Inspectors, with only 28 per cent of respondents agreeing that it is aimed at ‘one-off clients’, and only 32 per cent at clients who commission repeat work.
Three-quarters of respondents thought that the structure and order of AD B should, in some way, reflect the ‘design-build-handover’ process that building projects follow. 36 per cent were in favour of some linkage to this workflow without restructuring ADB; whereas 38 per cent thought the structure should change. 87 per cent of those who thought ADB should reflect the design-build-handover workflow agreed that it would be useful to have a tracking schedule or flowchart showing the progressive steps to be taken, by whom, and when at the different project stages.
Respondents were also asked whether there are any inconsistencies between ADB and other statutory guidance, or legislation; for instance, other Building Regulations or Approved Documents, or the Equalities Act. Only 3 per cent thought there were no inconsistencies at all. Sixty-five percent said there were some inconsistencies, including 10 per cent who said there were a lot.
The survey found that there is little appetite for self-certification and a desire to increase awareness of third party certification. When asked whether they agreed that competent persons should be able to self-certify their work, almost three-quarters disagreed and almost two thirds of respondents said that only Local Authority Building Control and Approved Inspectors should be able to certify work to comply with the fire safety requirements of the Building Regulations. 65 per cent thought there should be more direction on the use of third party certification.
Only 12 per cent of respondents agreed that ADB would be fit for purpose in 5 years’ time. 90 per cent called for greater practical guidance for mixed use buildings; with 81 per cent agreeing the guidance should consider the changing demographic of building occupants; and 73 per cent the off-site manufacture of building components.
Commenting on the report FSF President Brian Robinson stated:
“The Federation has long been campaigning for a revision and update of ADB, primarily to remove ambiguity, provide better clarity where needed and to suggest areas where additions are advisable to better reflect the current risks in the built environment. We believe that changes in the use of buildings and the demographics of building users, as well as the influence of cost, speed and energy efficiency on construction materials and methods are not adequately considered.”
“The findings of this survey support our view that there are gaps in the current system of fire safety control, regulation and enforcement across the built environment in England and suggest that only a full and thorough reform of Approved Document B to the Building Regulations and a coherent approach to all related fire safety legislation will ensure good, clear regulation capable of maintaining fire safety within the built environment.”
The survey, conducted between 15 July and 20 September 2017, was commissioned by the Fire Sector Federation with the aim of gaining an understanding of the fire and construction industries’ views on the future of Approved Document B (Fire Safety) and the Building Regulations.
It was developed by a steering group with representatives from across the fire and construction industries, including members of the Fire Sector Federation, Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA), Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) and the Department for Communities and Local Government (DCLG). All 531 professionals surveyed are involved in ensuring that buildings are safe with respect to the fire safety aspects of the Building Regulations in England and most are frequent users of ADB. Those surveyed included design professionals, local authority building control, fire safety specialists, building contractors and manufacturers.
The survey was commissioned ahead of the tragic events of June. Its launch was delayed until July as a result of Grenfell but importantly no alterations were made to any of the questions.
The full report, Reviewing Approved Document B (Fire safety), can be downloaded from the FSF website, www.firesectorfederation.com